By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international
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Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The Impact of the Crusader States on the Near East
Those with superior needle skills produced embroidery and hand-crafted clothes, shoes, and fabrics at home for merchants who supplied capital. Such patterns of putting out system or cottage industry are typical of early market economy everywhere. Many women also worked as cheap domestic laborers for wealthy families, particularly in Tehran and Tabriz. Some earned low wages, many received only food and shelter in return for their services, and a few were sexually abused by the household head or physically punished.
The link between development, religion, and culture is illuminating, yet Iran’s case suggests viewing economic and cultural forces within the context of state activities that are subject to women’s responses. Despite the dominance of Islam and gender segregation at the turn of the century, Iranian women participated in politics and economy as many continue to do under the IRI; and aside from variations in different statistical compilation, the overall rate of women’s labor force participation remained higher under the Pahlavis.
25 Polygamy was practiced in Iran before the Islamic conquest and continued with Islam. ” Some pre-Islamic Arabian tribes treated women more decently than others in the Peninsula, and some women enjoyed freedom and independence from their husbands. A custom that allowed men to have sexual access to multiple women in Arabic is called the mote’h, or its Persian equivalent, the siqeh (temporary marriage for a designated time and price). Pre-dating Islam, the Sunnis forbade it, but the Shi’is legitimized it.
A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The Impact of the Crusader States on the Near East by Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard
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