By José Luis Martí
This ebook examines an not likely improvement in sleek political philosophy: the adoption via an incredible nationwide govt of the information of a dwelling political theorist. while Jos Luis Rodrguez Zapatero turned Spain's competition chief in 2000, he pledged that if his socialist occasion gained energy he might govern Spain in keeping with the rules specified by Philip Pettit's 1997 ebook Republicanism, which awarded, instead to liberalism and communitarianism, a thought of freedom and govt according to the belief of nondomination. whilst Zapatero was once elected President in 2004, he invited Pettit to Spain to offer a big speech approximately his principles. Zapatero additionally invited Pettit to observe Spanish politics and convey one of those record card ahead of the subsequent election. Pettit did so, returning to Spain in 2007 to make a presentation during which he gave Zapatero's executive a professional thumbs-up for selling republican beliefs. during this ebook, Pettit and Jos Luis Mart give you the historic history to those strange occasions, clarify the foundations of civic republicanism in obtainable phrases, current Pettit's record and his reaction to a few of its critics, and contain an intensive interview with Zapatero himself. additionally, the authors talk about what's required of a political philosophy whether it is to play this sort of public position that civic republicanism has been taking part in in Spain. a huge account of an extraordinary and noteworthy come across among modern political philosophy and real-world politics, this is often additionally an important paintings of political philosophy in its personal correct.
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Extra info for A Political Philosophy in Public Life: Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain
The cult of sovereignty undermined the ideal of the mixed constitution in which different authorities would check and balance one another without any having absolute authority, and it also put the ideal of a contestatory citizenry in question. If the people as a whole were the sovereign authority, why would individual members have to keep an eye on its doings? These developments gave rise to the Franco-Prussian tradition of republican thought, represented in Rousseau and Kant, as distinct from the original Mediterranean-Atlantic tradition.
This was intended to provide economic and personal assistance to those people with high degrees of dependency on others, for instance the dependency that can derive from physical or mental impairment. The Spanish welfare state traditionally left the kind of care and assistance that these people needed in the hands of their families or friends, placing an unfair burden on them and at the same time giving rise to dependency and facilitating domination. 82 My third example concerns Zapatero’s foreign policy and more concretely his foundation of the Alliance of Civilizations.
Writing in the wake of the enlightenment, in the age of Rousseau and Hume and Kant, Bentham and Paley took it for granted that the state had to care, not just about the freedom of the propertied males who had been the only target of concern up to then, but also about the freedom of women and workers. But if freedom meant nondomination, then a state that worked for the liberation of women and workers would have to turn the existing order upside down. Since the law of the time reduced women and servants to a status close to slavery, such a state would have to reject family law and master-servant law out of hand and establish a revolutionary order in its place.
A Political Philosophy in Public Life: Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain by José Luis Martí
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