By Dorothy Lamb Crawford
This ebook is the 1st to envision the bright amassing of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the la quarter. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford seems heavily on the lives, inventive paintings, and impression of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera degree director, who joined this big migration starting within the Nineteen Thirties. a few during this workforce have been well-known once they fled Europe, others may achieve popularity within the younger musical tradition of la, and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere frequently immune to musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford offers brief pix of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their impact as a group—in the movie undefined, in song associations in and round la, and as lecturers who expert the subsequent iteration. The ebook unearths a uniquely brilliant period whilst Southern California grew to become a hub of unparalleled musical expertise.
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Additional info for A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California
Marcus suffered a nervous breakdown soon thereafter. The uncertainty of his political status would have been a likely cause; another EUROPE 22 could have been the growing Nazi campaign against homosexuality. 59 In the midst of his personal crisis, Marcus met a Californian woman, Etta Gordon Linick, who became his confidante and his reason for emigrating to America in 1939. The 1936 Swiss imprisonment of a Jewish medical student, who had assassinated Hitler’s personal representative to Switzerland, provided a strong warning that Jews should remain inconspicuous and not protest as the “neutral” country conformed to Nazi laws.
6 Schindler, trained by the Viennese architect Otto Wagner and inspired by the work of Adolf Loos and Frank Lloyd Wright, came to Los Angeles in 1920. In 1922 he built Los Angeles’ first purely modern house on Kings Road in the bean fields of what later became West Hollywood. Neutra arrived in 1923; the Schindler and Neutra families shared the Kings Road house for a while. The International Style houses that both architects designed in Los Angeles and Newport Beach in the 1920s made modernism visible to all.
The day after Hitler was appointed chancellor, all EUROPE 17 German performances of Krenek’s music were summarily canceled, and his income from German royalties ceased. Krenek’s name was not only associated in Nazi lists with jazz and “cultural Bolshevism” (because of the topic of Jonny spielt auf ), but he was also identified as a Czech Jew. This experience was repeated in Austria, where Krenek had settled. When his opera Karl V came to the stage of the Vienna Opera in the spring of 1934, Clemens Krauss, the conductor who had requested the opera, withdrew his support; rehearsals were called off, and the production was canceled.
A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California by Dorothy Lamb Crawford
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