By Albert H. Tillson Jr.
Accommodating Revolutions addresses an issue of lengthy status between historians of eighteenth-century the USA and Virginia -- the level to which inner clash and/or consensus characterised the society of the progressive period. specifically, it emphasizes the advanced and sometimes self-defeating activities and judgements of dissidents and different non-elite teams. via targeting a small yet major zone, Tillson elucidates the a number of and interrelated resources of clash that beset innovative Virginia, but in addition explains why in any case so little changed.In the Northern Neck -- the six-county component of Virginia's Tidewater mendacity among the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers -- Tillson scrutinizes a filthy rich and robust, yet , planter elite, which incorporated such well-known males as George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Landon Carter, and Robert Carter. during the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries, the Northern Neck gentry faced not just contradictions in cultural beliefs and behavioral styles inside of their very own lives, but in addition the continual hostility in their poorer white associates, bobbing up from a various array of neighborhood financial and political matters. those insecurities have been additional intensified through adjustments within the method of African American slavery and by way of the starting to be position of Scottish retailers and their Virginia brokers within the advertising of Chesapeake tobacco. For a time, the upheavals surrounding the warfare for American Independence and the approximately contemporaneous upward push of vivid, biracial evangelical spiritual pursuits threatened to extend well known discontent to the purpose of overwhelming the gentry's political authority and cultural hegemony. yet in any case, the present order survived primarily intact. partly, this was once as the region's leaders came upon how you can restrict and accommodate threatening advancements and styles of switch, principally by using conventional social and political appeals that had served them good for many years. but partly it was once additionally simply because usual Northern Neckers -- together with many leaders within the activities of wartime and spiritual dissidence -- consciously or unconsciously accommodated themselves to either the styles of financial swap remodeling their international and to the conventional beliefs of the elite, and therefore have been not able to articulate or settle for an alternate imaginative and prescient for the way forward for the quarter.
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Extra info for Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810
68 Although Lee remained politically prominent until his death in 1794, he and his family were always vulnerable to allegations of political improprieties. During the Revolutionary War, charges made by Silas Deane against William and Arthur Lee, then acting as American diplomats in Europe, embroiled all of the brothers. Richard Henry, himself, would suffer directly from claims that he was demanding extortionate rents from his Loudoun County tenants. His political vacillations during the controversy over the ratification of the federal Constitution and the fi rst years of the new national government also provoked unkind reflections on his character.
According to Thomas Jones, the tutor was treated as a gentleman: he was welcome to dine with the family and their guests, and the room in which he lived at the school house was comfortably furnished. By his own account, Warden was treated better than many other Virginia tutors, and he went on to become a respected Virginia lawyer. 37 Other cultured outsiders received similar treatment. John Peck, who followed Fithian as tutor to the Carter children, ultimately married one of the planter’s daughters.
47 Given the chronic currency shortages in Virginia and the structure of the transatlantic tobacco economy, widespread reliance on credit was inevitable. In 1764, when he described to his brother Thomas the reputation as unreliable debtors that most Virginia planters had with British merchants, Walter Jones proudly reported that the merchant with whom he had been conversing, James Russell, drew a sharp contrast between Thomas and the generality of his fellow colonists. Yet Walter at the time was completing his Scott ish medical studies, for which Thomas had paid in large part by obtaining lines of credit from several different British merchants, apparently keeping at least one ignorant of what others had done.
Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810 by Albert H. Tillson Jr.
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