Read e-book online Addiction: A Disorder of Choice PDF

By Gene M. Heyman

ISBN-10: 0674032985

ISBN-13: 9780674032989

Publish yr note: First released may well fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200

In a e-book certain to motivate controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a illness, a compulsion past awake control--is wrong.

Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, therapy reviews, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that dependancy is voluntary. He indicates that drug use, like several offerings, is motivated by means of personal tastes and objectives. yet simply as there are profitable dieters, there are winning ex-addicts. in reality, habit is the psychiatric disease with the top expense of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?

At the center of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to exploit medicinal drugs. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug habit contain new info, cultural values, and, after all, the prices and merits of additional drug use. such a lot folks keep away from changing into drug based, no longer simply because we're particularly rational, yet simply because we detest the belief of being an addict.

Heyman's research of well-established yet usually neglected examine results in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to eat an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore most sensible. As wealth raises and know-how advances, the challenge posed via addictive medicinal drugs spreads to new items. even if, this impressive and radical ebook issues to an answer. If drug addicts quite often beat habit, then non-addicts can discover ways to keep watch over their normal tendency to take an excessive amount of.

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Example text

Possibly the problem is intractable, or possibly the effort has been less effective than it could have been because of basic ideas regarding addiction. For instance, if addiction differs in significant ways from chronic disease, then treatment strategies that are successful with chronic disease are unlikely to be as successful with addiction. And of course the same logic applies to the criminal justice approach. If time in jail turns out not to increase the relative value of activities that compete with drug use, then the criminal justice approach will have little lasting influence.

The results reveal that one of the most important etiological factors in addiction is the immediate social environment. Historical Origins of Opium Use Of the drugs that are currently prohibited by law, opiates were the first to be used recreationally by large numbers of people and the first to be outlawed. For millennia opium was a medical remedy, but when it began to be used as an intoxicant, it lost its universal acclaim. The menacing John Jasper in Charles Dickens’s last novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870), is an opium habitué, and in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890), the opium den is home to those who have lost their moral compass.

The menacing John Jasper in Charles Dickens’s last novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870), is an opium habitué, and in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890), the opium den is home to those who have lost their moral compass. Opium at the dawn of written history. ” At maturity, its petals fall off, leaving a bulbous seed pod. The seed pod contains a latex-like substance that can be extracted by scoring the pod’s tough skin. The sap contains morphine and codeine, the plant’s primary active ingredients.

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Addiction: A Disorder of Choice by Gene M. Heyman

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