By Glenn E. Schweitzer and A. Chelsea Sharber, Editors
As a part of a long-standing collaboration on nuclear nonproliferation, the nationwide Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences held a joint workshop in Moscow in 2003 at the medical features of a global radioactive disposal web site in Russia. The passage of Russian legislation allowing the importation and garage of high-level radioactive fabric (primarily spent nuclear gasoline from reactors) has engendered curiosity from a couple of overseas governments, together with the united states, in exploring the potential of moving fabric to Russia on a short lived or everlasting foundation. The workshop taken with the environmental elements of the final situation and features of a potential garage web site, transportation to and in the web site, boxes for transportation and garage, stock and responsibility, audits and inspections, and dealing with applied sciences.
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Additional resources for An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility: Exploring a Russian Site As a Prototype
In Russia at present spent nuclear fuel from water-moderated water-cooled power reactors and fast neutron reactors (VVER440, BN-600, and BN-350), the majority of research reactors, and nuclear reactors from atomic-powered ships and submarines is reprocessed. This reprocessing is carried out at the RT-1 plant at the Mayak Production Association. The plant has been operating since 1976 as an experimental production facility. The spent fuel from VVER-1000 reactors is currently shipped to a centralized wet repository at the Mining-Chemical Complex in the city of Krasnoyarsk, and the spent fuel from high-power channel reactors (RBMK) is stored in facilities at each relevant power station.
National Academy Press, 1990. 3. National Research Council. Rethinking High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: A Position Statement of the Board on Radioactive Waste Management. : National Academy Press, 1990, p. vii. 4. National Research Council. Technical Bases for Yucca Mountain Standards. : National Academy Press, 1995. 5. National Research Council. Nuclear Wastes: Technologies for Separations and Transmutations. : National Academy Press, 1996. 6. National Research Council. Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel: The Continuing Societal and Technical Challenges.
Would not be needed. With no reprocessing, a second repository is estimated to cost $35 billion. The total savings for disposal from separation of uranium and transmutation is estimated at about $53 billion. In addition to the significant cost savings for the first repository and the elimination of the need for a second repository, uranium separation and transmutation could serve the worthwhile goal of reducing the time required for the radiotoxicity of the waste in the repository to settle to the level of natural uranium, and this reduction would be from about 300,000 years to several hundred years, as shown in Figure 4.
An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility: Exploring a Russian Site As a Prototype by Glenn E. Schweitzer and A. Chelsea Sharber, Editors
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